Mar 3, 2018
The Four Humors are probably the
longest-lasting idea in the history of medicine, even though
they’ve been more or less completely abandoned for the past century
or so. In this episode, we’ll explore how the ancient Greek idea of
disease coming from imbalances in body fluids touched every aspect
of medicine for two millennia, well into the modern era. And we’ll
discuss how humoral explanations likely hampered adoption of the
first clinical trial in history, James Lind’s famous scurvy study.
Plus we have a brand new #AdamAnswers about germ theory. Listen to
all this and more in Episode 32 of Bedside Rounds, a tiny podcast
about fascinating stories in clinical medicine!
- Arikha N, Passions and Tempers: A History of
the Humors. 2007.
JH, “Sailors' scurvy before and after James Lind--a reassessment,”
Nutr Rev. 2009 Jun;67(6):315-32.
- Bartholomew M, “James Lind and scurvy: a
revaluation,” Journal for Maritime Research. Published online: 08
J. A Treatise of the Scurvy in Three Parts. Containing an Inquiry
into the Nature, Causes and Cure of that Disease, together with a
Critical and Chronological View of what has been published on the
subject. London: Miller, 1753
Turning the Pages on the Edwin Smith Papyrus (https://www.nlm.nih.gov/news/turn_page_egyptian.html)
- Nutton V, Ancient Medicine.
- Nutton V, “The Fatal Embrace: Galen and the
History of Ancient Medicine”. Science in Context 18(1), 111–121
MM et al, “Wrong theories on the origin of blood vessels: Polybus
and De Natura Hominis.” Int J Cardiol. 2008 Jun
- Sutton G, “Putrid gums and 'dead men's
cloaths': James Lind aboard the Salisbury.” J R Soc Med. 2003
- Trohler U, “Lind and Scurvy: 1747-1795,” J R
Soc Med. 2005 Nov; 98(11): 519–522.
JB, Galen and the beginnings of Western physiology Volume 307 Issue
2 July 2014 Pages L121-L128